COMPARATIVE STUDY ON LEADERSHIP STYLE AND STAFF PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF FEDPOLYNEK AND ABSU LIBRARIES)

Project code: LIS769280   |   Pages: 57   |   Words: 6,062   |   Characters: 42,408   |   Format: Word & PDF

ABSTRACT

This study is on the comparative study on leadership style and staff productivity in FEDPONEK AND ABSU libraries.
In carrying out the study, fundamental questions and objectives were postulated. The objectives are:

  1. To ascertain whether leaders of this libraries have concern in staff productivity?
  2. To Highlight the importance of staff productivity in FEDPONEK and ABSU libraries.
  3. To determine if the leaders of these libraries provide extension services to its staff.
  4. To ascertain the role of a leader in creating and enhancing the image of staff productivity, its resources and services utilization.
  5. To identify problems (inhibiting factors) to leadership style and staff productivity in libraries.

From the findings of this study, it is evident that there is a high level of commitment to both libraries make significant contributions to the achievement of the library goals.
It was revealed that, the supervision of staff in any organization gives room for assessment and timeless of operation. the recommendation his on the objectives of the study and the identified problems which are stated below

  1. library management should ensure that substance of effective channels of communication in the library for effective and efficient work flow as well as perfect social interaction and interpersonal relationship among all categories of staffs in the libraries.
  2. To highlight the importance of staff productivity in Academic libraries of FEDPOLYNEK and ABSU.
  3. To know whether leader of the library have concern on staff productivity of the library.
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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
A leader is one who influences his followers to achieve group objectives in a given situation. Leadership is therefore, a management ability to accomplish group goals by working with the people.
It is the ability of a supervisor to influence the behaviour of the subordinate the key concept behind leadership is the ability to influence other people so that they will be willing to strive towards a common achievement for the group.
The interesting thing about this ability is that it is not limited to the managers of an organization. Every person in any given organization can exhibit the ability to influence other people.
Leadership is the dynamic process of influencing staff so that they will willingly and enthusiastically work with zeal and confidence towards the accomplishment of the library objectives. It implies the ability to successfully blend all resources and variable faith a view of striking the best balance among them. They are teaching, learning and research resources, staff-finances and physical items/ building, furniture and equipment. The variable factors are the leaders himself, the staff, the library objectives and the environment or situation. They continually pursue and evaluate innovations, they direct the staff towards the accomplishment of the library’s objectives, and they also inspire the staff to apply their full capabilities to work.
Since a library is a service organization staff would appear to be the most valuable of these resources for without them library and information services cannot be rendered. Leadership is obviously an important ingredient in achievement of organization goal and objectives to an establishment.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Leadership on its own respect is the life write of the library and it has been widely used and acknowledged, inspite of it, there is still lack of leadership expertise in the library.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
These objectives are based on the comparative study on the impact of leadership style of library managers and staff productivity in the Academic libraries of ABSU and Fedpoly Nedeke.
Guided by the statement of the problem, the following have been formulated as the objectives of the study:

  1. To ascertain whether leaders of the library have concern on staff productivity of the library.
  2. To determine if the leadership of the libraries provide extension services to its staffs.
  3. To Highlight the importance of staff productivity in the Fedpoly library and ABSU.
  4. To ascertain the role of a leader in creating and enhancing the image of staff productivity, its resources and service utilization.
  5. To identify the problems (inhibiting factors) to leadership and staff productivity in libraries.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Guided by both the statement of the problem and objectives of the study, the following are formulated as the basis research question that would guide the process of data collections for the study;

  1. Do leaders of the libraries have concern on staff productivity of the library?
  2. Do library managers ensure the substance of effective channels of communication as well as realizing the importance of staff productivity?
  3. What is the image of staff productivity, it enhancing the management of staff productivity, its resources and service utilization?
  4. What are the problems or inhibiting factors confronting the leaders of Fedpoly and ABSU libraries?

1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Owing to the specific requirement of this work, the study is focusing on comparative study on leadership style and staff productivity in the federal polytechnic Nekede, and Abia state university Uturu libraries.
The study will identify the problems confronting leaders of the libraries and proffer solution to them.
The study also in its literature review will cover a good number of opinion based on the availability of current primary secondary and of course online information sources.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Proper evolution of comparative study on leadership style and productivity in the libraries and findings result from the efforts shall undoubtedly, provide basic improvement of staff productivity and helps the staffs to achieve their goals.
The findings and recommendation of the study, library managers would be able to evolve and implement leadership style and staff productivity for their libraries which enables them to achieve on all- round result for their libraries.
Finally, with its suggested areas for further study, the study will serves as a reference tool when analyzing other issue related this.

1.7 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC NEKEDE
The federal polytechnic Nekede library and then college of technology Owerri (COLTECH) started at the premised of government trade centre (GTC) owerri first set of the library staff assumed duty with the appointment of Mr. Mgbechi Oji as the pioneers of the polytechnic Librarian the chief (Librarian).
The library had hired nomadic life and its nomadic life, the library shutters destitution while trying to perform its legitimate responsibility of helping the polytechnic to achieve the purpose in which its established there is a silver living in the sky, particularly, with the timely intervention of education test fund (ETF), Book Aid international, the building of new library, the change the leadership of the college relatively and the construction of a library committee by the administration.

Fedpolynek and Its Library
Library movement (1) 1978 -1980) for three years, between 1978 -1980, the federal polytechnic library operated in a classroom block at the government trade centre (GTC) along Mbaise road Owerri. It started with a few hundred of books selected and ordered for, by the chief librarian and donation from the university of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN). This volume formed the nucleus of what could be seen as the selection of the deferral polytechnic Nekede library Owerri today.
Skeletal services, like cataloguing and classification and readers services went on. The accommodation was inadequate for effective and efficient library services.
By 1979, the library ought to have a sitting accommodation for 250 readers, but what was provided for were crowded in a very small area which further hampered service and output.
Library movement (2) 1980-1983
The federal polytechnic library was relocated another temporary accommodation it was located at the school workshops with the bursar division. The accommodation was the most uncomfortable place for library services. The building was poorly ventilated, the lighting was not too good, and readers were unable to remain in the reading area for too long. Besides, the building was designed to suit engineering services and not for library services only.
The collection had increased with declining manpower to serve the readers. The library had 6,000 titles 100 learned and professional journals. Also had a number of local newspapers and magazines. The classification scheme.
The library was plagued by an acute shortage of staff at all levels the library that paraded. 5 professional staff and 20 supporting staff suddenly left with one professional staff its staffs to transfer, job mobility and relocation of some others within college system without replacement.
The shortfall in staff position of the library between 1989 and 1999 affected services and output of the library as junior staff saddled with the responsibilities of overseeing the activities.
This is a generous procurement of selected local newspaper and few magazines.
The staff strength stood at 40, then against projected 80 the staff depleted considerably. It was less than 21 staff in all. The students enrolment then, 5,000 while expected population is bout 15,000 today. The library has not met the recommendation of NBTE.
Between 1994 and 1999, the library suffered great setback in terms of collection development and the procurement of the library equipment and accessories. Not much was added to the collection. It was with the greater difficulty that the library was allowed to renew subscription the process of getting approval of the purchase of equipment was difficult and trusting. The number of selected titles increased, mostly from 2001, following the grant made by ETF to the institution for the year 2001.
Polytechnic librarian (1978 -2003)

  1. Mr. Oji M. - 1978 -1995
  2. Mr. Obasi J. U — 1995 - 2007
  3. Mr. Ifeany, Chukwu Oti 2007 till date.

Purpose of building the Library
The foundation of the federal polytechnic Nekede library was laid by Engineer DR. A. T Adullahi, Executive secretary of NBTE and on 13th August 1998.it was built under the follwing:
Rector — Dr. Osuji C. I
Engineer — CAD Consultant.
Contractors — Amaechi B. N anb partners LTD 13 wetheral Road Owerri.
The library lacked enough reading tables for reading. It had only 25 reading tables capable of sitting. It was expected that provision for not less than 500 readers be made considering the population of the student then which stood at slightly above 200. the library operated without a committee. Why? No provision was made for library committee in edict establishing the college. Again, there were not many special problems that need to be handled by such a committee.
Library movement (3)- 1985 -2000
In 1985, the library moved to yet another temporary accommodation. It was located at the classroom complex which consisted of what were supposed to have been a lecture hall. Four classroom and six small offices. This accommodation was grossly inadequate in terms of size, fittings, furniture facilities, book stocks, periodicals holdings and locations. The accreditatitation terms of the National Board for technical Education (NBTE) made their first official visit to the college in 1985. they made observations on the library suggested some expectations from the library by year 2003 AD where the polytechnic must have attained optimum growth. In 1985, the library had 5,000 volumes. The NBTE projected . 36,000 volumes by 2003AD. What is available now, are 8,600 volumes including the titles procured with the 2001 (ETP) Grant the projected 500 journals. Today, no subscription at all to foreign journals. The library is being supported with donations from individual and co-operate bodies.
With all these in place, there is a future development in the federal polytechnic library.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF ABIA STATE UNIVERSITY, UTURU
Abia state university, Uturu, was founded in 1981 as Imo state University. It was created based on Imo state University law number 4 of 1981 and number 21 of 1985 as amended by the Imo state University (amendment edict number5 of 1991).
The creation of states by Babangida administration in 1991 gave birth to Abia state as she was created out from Old Imo state. Abia state inherited the Imo state University during the sharing assets between these two sister states. Based on the provision of Abia state University, Uturu.

ABSU and Its Library
Abia state university have two libraries as a result of its campus system. The campuses were the Etiti campus and campus served as the main campus whose library served the college (now facilities) of humanities and social science, biological and physical sciences and social science, and school of Architecture. The Aba campus library served the colleges of Business Administration and legal studies.
In 987, the university relocated to its permanent site at Uturu and the campus libraries were merged into a single university library.
Presently, Abia state university has five (5) departmental libraries, the faculty of legal studies, library and information science, the foreign , language and translation studies (FLATS). Language centre (French) Abia state University teaching Hospital Aba and faculty of Agriculture vertinary medicine Umudike have their own libraries different from the central university headed different from the central university headed by a professional librarian the other facilities or departmental libraries are mended by paraprofessionals.
The library has estimate stock of over 5,500 book volumes and 8,400 seria volumes presently, available statiscs of users of may 2007 shows that Abia state university Uturu, library has a total registered number of students (users) of 4,500.

1.8 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF BASIC CONCEPTS
Some of the basic concept on which the discussion is predicted are defined as employed here, they are:
Leadership: leadership is defined as the dynamic process of influencing staffs so that they will willingly and enhancing work with zeal and confidence towards the accomplishment of the library objections.
Library: library is a place in which literary and artistic materials, such as books periodicals, newspapers, pamphlets, prints, records and types are kept for reading reference and leading.
Productivity: productivity is defined as the fastidiousness which is incompatible with any but very best sort of production
Library Manager: library manager is one who thinks analytically and to develop new flow.
Leadership style: this is defined as a leader’s style of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people.